Church (Y-DNA)

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Status summary

Completed as of October 1, 2020:

  • Recruiting additional direct male-line descendants of Richard Church for further SNP testing - anyone interested in submitting their DNA for testing should contact Raymond T. Wing (email: wing.genealogist AT gmail DOT com)

Still to do as of September 30, 2020

  • NGS/WGS test multiple descendants of Richard Church to place the family clade as well as test descendants to discover any subclades unique to descendants lines

Biography

First Generation

Richard Church was born in England about 1608 and died in Dedham 26 Dec 1668. He emigrated to New England in 1630, but which ship he came over on is currently unknown. He was a carpenter, and originally came to help settle Wessagusset [Weymouth] in Massachusetts Bay Colony. He soon moved to Plymouth where he married Elizabeth Warren 7 Mar 1636/7. The family moved to Nauset (now Eastham) in 1649, but was in Charlestown by 1652, and finally at Hingham by 1654.


Richard and Elizabeth had ten children; five daughters and five sons (Joseph, Benjamin, Nathaniel, Charles [d.y.] and Caleb)

Second Generation

Joseph Church was born abt 1638 and died Little Compton (now in RI) abt 5 Mar 1711. He married 13 Dec 1660 Mary Tucker and they had ten children (first nine born Hingham, youngest at Little Compton): Joseph (1662), Elizabeth (1664), Mary (1666), John (1668), Alice (1670), Benjamin (1672), Sarah (1673), William (1675), Deborah (1677) and Abigail (1680).

(Col.) Benjamin Church was born Plymouth abt 1639 and died Little Compton (now in RI) 17 Jan 1717/8 in 78th yr. He married Duxbury 26 Dec 1667 Alice Southworth and they had six children: Thomas (c1674), Constant (1676), Edward (1680), Charles (1682), Elizabeth (1684) and Nathaniel (1686 Bristol-1687).

Nathaniel Church was born Duxbury abt 1641 and died Scituate 1689. He married abt 1665 Sarah Barstow and they had seven children (born Scituate): Abigail (1666), Richard (1668/9), Nathaniel (1670/1), Alice (1679), Joseph (1681/2), Charles (1683/4) and Sarah (1686).

(Col.) Richard Church was born abt 1642 and died Little Compton (now in RI) 17 Jan 1718/9. He married Duxbury 26 Dec 1667 Alice Southworth and they had at least six children: Thomas (c1674), Constant (son, 1676), Edward (1680), Charles (1682), Elizabeth (1684) and Nathaniel (1686-1687).

Caleb Church was born Plymouth 8 Aug 1647 and died Watertown bef 27 Jun 1722. He married three times, first Hingham 16 Dec 1667 Joanna Sprague, second bef 8 Jun 1680 Deborah ___ and third 6 Nov 1691 Rebecca ____ Scottow. He is only known to have had children by his first wife: Hannah (1668), Ruth (1669/70), Lydia (1671), Caleb (1673 likely unm.), Joshua (1675 likely unm.), Abigail (1677), Isaac (1678) and Rebecca (1678).

Third Generation

Joseph Church (II) was born Hingham 1 Nov 1662 and died Little Compton (now part of RI) 19 Dec 1715. He married abt 1688 Grace Shaw and they had nine children (born Little Compton): Joseph (1689), Sarah (1691), Nathaniel (1693), Alice (1695), Deborah (1697), Elizabeth (1699), Caleb (1701), Richard (1703) and Israel (1707).

John Church was born Hingham 5 Jul 1668 and died Little Compton, RI in Jan 1756. He married abt 1693 Rebecca Blackman and they had eight children (born Little Compton): William (1694 unm.), John (1696 unm.), Mary (1698), Elizabeth (1700), Benjamin (1702), Rebecca (1704-1721), Edward (1706) and Sarah (1708).


Thomas Church was born Duxbury abt 1674 and died Little Compton (now in RI 12 Mar 1746 in 73rd yr. He married three times, first Bristol (now in RI) 21 Feb 1698 Sarah Hayman, second Little Compton 16 Apr 1712 Edith Woodman and third Hingham 10 Oct 1719 Sarah Horsewell. By his first wife Thomas had five children (born Bristol): Sarah (1700/1-1701), Elizabeth (1702-1702), Thomas (1704-1718), Alice (1706) and Benjamin (1708/9-b1723). By his second wife Thomas had four children (born Little Compton): Elizabeth (1713), Hannah (1714), Priscilla (1717) and Thomas (1718-b1720). By his third wife Thomas had eight children (born Little Compton): Thomas (1720-1720), Sarah (1721), Thomas (1722-1722), Benjamin (1723-1723), Mary (1725), Thomas (1727), Benjamin (1732-1749) and Mercy (1734).

Constant Church was born Portsmouth, RI 12 May 1676 and died Freetown 9 Mar 1726/7. He married abt 1715 Patience Cook.[1] and they had six children (born Freetown): Edward (1715/6), Benjamin (1717/8), Mary (1720), Martha (1723-1727), Constant (twin son 1726-1745 unm.) and Nathaniel (twin 1726-1726).

Edward Church was born Little Compton (now in RI) 1680 and died Bristol (now in RI) bef. 19 Dec 1706. He married prob. Tiverton (now in RI) abt 1702 Martha Burton and they had two children (born Bristol): Abigail (1702/3) and Benjamin (1704).

Charles Church was born Bristol (now in RI) 9 May 1682 and died there 31 Dec 1746. He married Bristol 20 May 1703 Hannah Paine and they had seven children (born Bristol): Constant (1708), Elizabeth (1710), Hannah (1712/3), Dorothy (c1714), Nathaniel (c1717), Sarah (c1722) and Mary.


Richard Church was born Scituate 24 Mar 1668/9 and died there bef 17 Jun 1703. He married Scituate 2 Feb 1696/7 Hannah Stover and they had three children (born Scituate): Richard (1697), Hannah (1699) and Ruth (1701).

Nathaniel Church (II) was born Scituate 10 Feb 1670/1 and died bef 7 May 1733. He married Hull 7 Jan 1696/7 Judith Bosworth and they had eight children (born Scituate): Nathaniel (1698/9), Abigail (1700/1), Judith (1703), Deborah (1705), daughter (bp 1708 no further record), Joseph (1709), Caleb (1712) and Mary (bp 1718).

Joseph Church was born Scituate Mar 1681/2 and died Plymouth 13 or 19 Oct 1707 aged 25. He married Plymouth 1 Nov 1705/6 {sic} Judith Harlow[2] and they had one child (born Plymouth): Sarah (1706).

Charles Church was born Scituate Mar 1683/4 and died Freetown 9 Mar 1726/7 ae abt. 42 yrs. He married abt 1705 Mary Pope and they had eleven children (first six born Plymouth, last five Freetown): Benjamin (1706 no further record), Deborah (1707/8), Charles (1710), Rebeckah (1713), Joseph (1715 no further record), Sarah (1717/8), Mary (1719), Susanna (1721), Hannah (1723), Seth (1724 no further record) and Alice (1726).


Isaac Church was born Watertown 27 Jun 1678 and died aft 3 Dec 1745. He married there 14 May 1702 Mary Hutchins and they had seven children (born Watertown): Caleb (1703), Mary (c1705), Lydia (1706/7), Joshua (1708/9), Jonathan (bp 1712), Silas (bp 1713/4) and Rufus (1716).


  1. After Constant's death, Patience married Freetown 13 Sep 1729 Antipas Hathaway.
  2. After Joseph's death Judith married second Plymouth 11 Jul 1710 Stephen Barnaby.

DNA results R1b-CTS4188

Previous Y-DNA testing

The Church DNA Project Lists six male Church's in Subgroup: R1b - Lineage V - Richard Church of Plymouth. None of these individuals have done any Y-SNP testing, but they have all done Y-STR 67 testing, with one member completing 111 Y-STR testing. Plugging in the 111 STR values into the Nevgen.org haplogroup predictor[1] the predictor gives an 80.4% chance the family falls under the R1b DF27>Z196>L176.2>CTS4188> S11121 haplogroup and a 8.1% of falling under R1b DF27>Z196>L176.2>CTS4188>BY3252[2]

Further needed testing

We need additional direct male-line descendants of Richard Church to WGS/NGS test to both confirm the haplogroup as well as to refine it further and delineate descendant clades.


  1. refined for R1b clades
  2. With an 11.5% chance of falling outside of these two haplogroups.

References & External Links

Wakefield, Robert S., Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 18 part II (daughters Mary, Anna & Elizabeth), General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA, 2011

Plimouth.org Genealogical Profile of Richard Church