Simmons (Y-DNA)

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Status summary

Completed as of October 29, 2020:

  • Recruiting additional patrilineal (all male-line) Moses Simmons descendants for NGS/WGS SNP testing - anyone interested in submitting their DNA for testing should contact Raymond T. Wing (email: wing.genealogist AT gmail DOT com)

Still to do as of October 29, 2020

  • NGS/WGS test multiple Simmons descendants to firmly place family clade as well as discover any subclades unique to descendants lines


First Generation

Moses Simmons is said to have been born 1 Jan 1604 in Leiden, son of William Symonson and Ann Holland and died at Duxbury between 17 Jun 1689 - 15 Sep 1691. He came to New Plimouth Colony in 1621 aboard the Fortune. He was married about 1632 to Sarah ______. They had seven children: Rebecca (m. John Soule), Moses, Mary (m. Joseph Alden), John, Sarah, Elizabeth & Aaron.

Second Generation

Moses Simmons (II) was born in Duxbury about 1639 and died there 18 Mar 1676. He married bef 1664 Patience Barstow. They had six children: Moses (never married), John, Sarah, Aaron, Patience and Job.

John Simmons was born in Duxbury about 1644 and died there 9 Feb 1716. He married there 16 Nov 1669 to Mercy Pabodie. They had nine children: John (1669/70 m Abigail Richmond & Susanna Tracy), William (1671/2 m Abigail Church), Isaac (1673/4 m Martha Chandler), Martha (1677), Benjamin (c1680 m Lorah Samson, Priscilla Delano & Hannah ___), Joseph (1682 m Mary Weston), Rebecca (c1684), Joshua (1688 m Sarah Delano unk. if any ch.) and Moses (1690/1 m Rachel Samson).

Aaron Simmons was born in Duxbury about 1653 and died at Scituate 12 Mar 1718. He married at Scituate 24 Dec 1677 Mary Woodworth. They had seven children: Rebecca, Moses, Mary, Ebenezer, Elizabeth, Lydia & Joseph/Jesse

DNA results TBD[1]

Previous Y-DNA testing

One individual in the Simmons Y-Chromosome DNA Surname Project Group: "Hap'group R1b1a2 - Not matching at a reasonable level in this project - need others to upgrade" stated Moses Simmons was their Most Distant Known Paternal Ancestor (MDKPA). This individual has not done any SNP testing and has only done Y37 STR testing. FTDNA predicted this individual falls into the R1b-M269 Haplogroup and the Nevgen Haplogroup Prediction tool was unable to refine the haplogroup any further.

HOWEVER, this individual has a break in their "paper-trail" genealogy and may not be a Y-DNA descendant of Moses Simmons (Symonson).

Further needed testing

We need patrilineal (all male-line) descendants of Moses Simmons to WGS/NGS test to confirm and further refine the haplogroup placement.

References & External Links

  • Anderson, Robert Charles, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 vol. 3, P-W. New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, MA. 1995
  • Conflicting information found in the Mayflower DNA Project Group: XX - Hopkins, Stephen YDNA/FF Tests has one individual also claiming Moses (Simmons) Symonson as their MDKPA, but their Y-67 STR result was predicted by FTDNA to fall under Haplogroup I-M253. HOWEVER, they are a 65/67 STR match to the Winslow family, so it appears likely a Non-Paternal Event (NPE) occurred.