As of December 7, 2020:
- Recruiting Billington Y-DNA descendants for NGS/WGS testing. Interested parties can contact MayflowerDNA1620@gmail.com
- One Big Y-700 test pending for a Y-DNA descendant of John (and only son Francis) Billington. A second Big Y-700 test would help verify this lineage.
John Billington was born circa 1580 in England. His life in England is basically unknown. He had a wife Elinor/Ellen and two sons. The Billingtons were not part of the Separatist Congregation in Leiden, but were apparently recruited in England. The family was often in trouble with the authorities in Plymouth and the senior John Billington was hanged for murder in September 1630 and the widow married in Sep 1638 to Gregory Armstrong.
Children: John & Elinor had two sons. The older son John had died before his father (apparently never married) so all of the descendants are from the younger son, Francis.
Francis Billington deposed on 10 Jul 1674 that he was "68 years of age" so he was born about 1606, possibly in Lincolnshire, England. He married in Plymouth in Jul 1634 Christian PENN Eaton, the widow of Mayflower passenger Francis Eaton. They resided in Plymouth for most of their married lives, but late in life they moved to Middleboro, where they both died.
Children: Francis and Christian had Nine children (one infant [sex unknown] who died young, six daughters and two sons [Joseph and Isaac]
Joseph Billington was born in Plymouth on 2 Feb 1636. He married a wife named Grace at New Shorham, RI on 26 Sep 1672. Joseph died at Block Island, RI on 7 Jan 1684. Joseph and Grace had two sons, Francis and Elisha.
- Pilgrim Hall Museum John Billington Biography.
- There are some indications where he may have been from Spalding, Lincolnshire, especially after his marriage.
- Pilgrim Hall Musuem Francis Billington biography.
- A Francis Billington, son of John (John was named heir to a lease of crown land in Lincolnshire in 1613). In 1650 Francis was stated to be living in New England and aged 40 years or thereabouts. There are some issues with assigning This Francis Billington of Lincolnshire as identical to the Mayflower passenger.
- MD 2:46, citing PCR 1:81
DNA Results R1b-BY14737
The Mayflower DNA Project lists two patrilineal (all male line) descendants of John Billington. Neither of these individuals currently have any Y-SNP results. One individual has tested 111 Y-STRs. FTDNA has only predicted where the family falls under the R-M269 Haplogroup. Plugging in the 111 Y-STRs in the Nevgen Y-DNA Haplogroup Predictor gives a prediction falling somewhere below R1b-U106>>Z381>>L48>>Z8>>Z12>Z8175>CTS10742.
Next Generation Sequence/Whole Genome Sequence testing
NGS/WGS testing of patrilineal (all male-line) descendants of Francis (& John) Billington would further refine the haplogroup assignment for this family. As of May 21, 2021 one Big Y-700 test result has been posted to the Mayflower DNA web site. This result came back with a subclade of CTS10742, BY14508>BY145737. Further testing of Billington patrilineal descendants would possibly define subclade branches of the Billington family.
The following families married daughters of John Billington.
Samuel Sabin married Mary Billington
Edward May married Dorcas Billington
John Martin married Mercy Billington
- Elizabeth had a third husband, Thomas Patey, but no children by this last marriage.
References and External Resources
- Hodge, Harriet Woodbury (rev. 2001 by Robert S. Wakefield) (rev. 2014 by John Bradley Arthaud), Mayflower Families through Five Generations. Vol. 21, Billington General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA 2nd Ed. 2014
- Arthaud, John Bradley, Mayflower Families through Five Generations vol. 21 [Billington], part 3. General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA, 2018
- Roser, Susan E., Mayflower Increasings From the Files of George Ernest Bowman at the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD, Second edition 1995, 1996. pp. 16-18.
- Roser, Susan E., Mayflower Passenger References, (from contemporary records & scholarly journals) [www.stewartbooks.com Stewart Publishing & Printing], Canada. Second edition 2015
- wikipedia article on John Billington
- wikitree profile for John Billington
- Caleb Johnson's MayflowerHistory.com article on John Billington
- FTDNA GSMD Mayflower DNA Project
- YSEQ.net Mayflower Group
- History of Massachusetts biography of John Billington with great quotes from contemporary and scholarly sources.
- Billington Family Society and Facebook Group
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