Priscilla Mullins (mtDNA)
As of June 26, 2020
- Page created for the wife (or wives) of William Mullins and their daughter Priscilla.
- recruitment of individuals who are mtDNA descendants of Priscilla (Mullins) Alden. Folks who are mtDNA descendants are encouraged to contact Raymond T. Wing (email: wing.genealogist AT gmail DOT com)
Almost nothing is known about Alice, wife of William Mullins. We are not even certain she was the mother of all/some/none of the children of William Mullins. She was named in her husband's 1621 will and died shortly after him, in the general sickness during the winter of 1621.
Noted Mayflower researcher, Caleb Johnson, published in the Mayflower Quarterly his research on William Mullins and his wife or wives. While Johnson was not able to prove his findings, he developed a tantalizing hypothesis from his research. Johnson believes William Mullins may have been married twice: His first wife possibly Elizabeth, daughter of John Wood and Joan Taylor. Elizabeth was believed to have been the mother of all of Williams' children. After her death, William possibly married Alice _____ Browne, widow of either William Browne (and therefor mother of Mayflower passenger Peter Browne) or possibly William's brother, Thomas Browne.
William had five children: William, Elizabeth, Sarah, Priscilla and Joseph. Joseph never married and while William married and had a daughter, she never had any children.
Elizabeth Mullins was baptized at Holy Trinity Church, Guildford, Surrey on 11 Nov 1598. She likely died young as she was apparently not mentioned in the nuncupative will of her father (1621) with her sister, Sarah apparently being the "eldest daughter" in this will.
Sarah Mullins was born about 1600. Her father's 1621 probate recod calls her "Sare Blunden alias Mullins" so she was then married to _____ Blunden. No further record.
Priscilla Mullins was born about 1602, likely at either Dorking or Guildford, both in co. Surrey, England. She came over on the Mayflower along with her parents and brother Joseph. All of the Mullins family died during the winter of 1621 with the exception of Priscilla. Since she was not named in the 1623 land division, she was at that time already married to John Alden. The Aldens were among the first families to move away from the original colony and helped found what is now Duxbury (likely before 1630). She died sometime after 1651 but before her husband's death in 1687. John and Priscilla had ten children, four sons & six daughters (Elizabeth, Sarah, Mary [unmarried in 1688], Priscilla [unmarried in 1688], Ruth & Rebecca)
Elizabeth Alden (c1623-1717) married William Pabodie. They had thirteen children (two sons & eleven daughters: Elizabeth (1647-1678 m. John Rogers), Mary (1648-1728 m. Edward Southworth), Mercy (1649-1728 m. John Simmons), Martha (1650-1711 m. Samuel Seabury & William Fobes), Priscilla (1652-1652), Priscilla (1653-1724 m. Rev. Ichabod Wiswall, Isaac Averill & Michael Sprague), Sarah (1656-1740 m. John Coe), Ruth (1658-1725 m. Benjamin Bartlett), Rebecca (1660-1702 m. William Southworth), Hannah (1661-1723 m. Samuel Bartlett, John Churchill & Daniel Bartlett), & Lydia (1667-1748 m. Daniel Grinnell).
Sarah Alden (aft 1628-1677) married Alexander Standish. They had eight children (three sons & five daughters: Lorah (1661-1725 m. Abraham Sampson), Elizabeth (1663-???? m. Samuel Delano), Mercy (1665-1729 m. Caleb Sampson), Sarah (1666-1739 m. Benjamin Soule), & Lydia (1669-1734 m. Isaac Sampson)
Ruth Alden (c1643-1674) married John Bass. They had eight children (four sons & four daughters: Ruth (1662-???? m. Peter Webb), Hannah (1667-1705 m. Joseph Adams), Mary (1669-1716 m. Christopher Webb, William Copeland & Ebenezer Spear) & Sarah (1672-1751 m. Ebenezer Spear)
Rebecca Alden (c1649-1689) married Thomas Delano. They had nine children (five sons & four daughter: Deborah (1672-1717 m. John Weston), Mary (1680-1756 not believed to have been married), Sarah (1682-1746 m. John Drew) & Ruth (1684-1722 m. Samuel Drew)
- MQ 78(Mar 2012):41-57
- Only two contemporary records give Priscilla's name. The first was her father's will (where she was named) and the second was the list of Mayflower passengers made by Gov. William Bradford in 1651.
- It is said they were the third couple married in Plymouth Colony. The first couple was the widow Edward Winslow to the widower Susanna (Jackson) White. Francis Eaton married his second wife, Dorothy about the same time as the marriage of Priscilla Mullins to John Alden. It is currently known which couple was married first, or if they were possibly married at the same time.
- Tradition states she attended the funeral of Josiah Winslow in 1680, but no contemporary record of her attending this funeral exists.
- later male line descendants changed the surname to Peabody
mtDNA Results H6a1a9
The Mayflower DNA Project lists three all female line descendants of Priscilla (and her mother Alice). All three have taken the full mtDNA test, which tests every single base pair of the mitochondrial DNA. All three fall under the H6a1a9 haplogroup. One of them has an additional mutation (C16234T) which must have occurred somewhere in this individuals maternal line of descent.
References and External Links
- Johnson, Caleb H., The Mayflower Quarterly 78(Mar 2012):44-57
- Woodworth-Barnes, Esther Littleford (ed. by Alicia Crane Williams), Mayflower Family Through Five Generations, General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA part 1 (first four generations) 1999; part 2 (fifth generation of daughter Elizabeth) 2002; part 4 (fifth generation of daughter Ruth) 2015; part 5 (fifth generation of daughter Sarah) 2016
- wikipedia entry for Priscilla Mullins
- Roser, Susan E., Mayflower Passenger References (from contemporary records & scholarly journals) [www.stewartbooks.com Stewart Publishing & Printing], Canada Second edition 2015
- Caleb Johnson's Mayflower History entry for Priscilla Mullins
- Find-a-grave entry for Priscilla Mullins
- New England Historical and Genealogical Society "Mayflower 2020" entry for William Mullins family
- Alden Kindred of America website