Leonard (Y-DNA)

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Status summary

Completed as of October 8, 2020:

  • Recruiting additional direct male-line Solomon Leonard descendants for NGS/WGS SNP testing - anyone interested in submitting their DNA for testing should contact Raymond T. Wing (email: wing.genealogist AT gmail DOT com)
  • Y-SNP tested to I-S18331.

Still to do as of October 8, 2020

  • NGS/WGS test multiple descendants of Solomon Leonard to firmly place family clade as well as test descendants to discover any subclades unique to descendants lines


First Generation

Solomon Leonard was born about 1610, likely in Monmouthshire, England. He was said to be a son of Samuel Leonard, as both individuals were later found in Leiden, Holland. It is said that Solomon (and possibly his father) emigrated from Leiden to Plymouth Colony in either 1629 or 1630 (when many of the Separatist Congregation at Leiden came over), but the family is not treated in Robert Charles Anderson's The Great Migration Begins series.

Solomon was the first individual with the Leonard surname to emigrate to New England and he has been called the ancestor of the "Bridgewater Branch" of the Leonard family. Solomon married Sarah Chandler about 1640, likely in Duxburrow (now Duxbury). They had six children (born Duxbury): Samuel (c1643), John (c1645), Jacob (c1647), Isaac (c1650), Solomon (p1650) and Mary.

Second Generation

Samuel Leonard was born Duxbury abt 1643 and died Preston, CT aft 30 Nov 1720. He married twice, first bef 7 Mar 1675/6 Abigail Wood and second, Deborah ____. By his first wife Samuel had four children: Mercy, Elizabeth, Samuel (c1683) and Mary. By his second wife he had Phebe (bp Preston 7 Oct 1703).

John Leonard was born Duxbury abt 1645 and died Bridgewater ber 21 Nov 1699 (inv. of his estate). He married abt 1670 Sarah ____[1] and they had six children (prob. born Bridgewater), John (never marr.), Enoch, Moses (c1677), Josiah, Joseph (c1672) and Sarah (b1681)

Jacob Leonard was born Duxbury abt 1647 and died Bridgewater in 1717. He married abt 1680 Susanna King and they had seven children: Abigail (1680), Susanna (1683), Experience, Mary, Solomon (c1693), Sarah (1699) and Jacob (1702-1722 unm.)

Isaac Leonard was born Duxbury abt 1650 and died Bridgewater bef 1719/20. He married abt 1675 Deliverance _____ and they had five children (prob. born Bridgewater): Isaac, Hannah (1679/80), Deliverance, Joseph and Benjamin (c1688).

Solomon Leonard (II) was born Duxbury aft 1650 and died Bridgewater 14 May 1686. He married Mary and they had one child: Martha (c1685 Bridgewater).

Third Generation

Samuel Leonard (III) was born Bridgewater abt 1683 and died Preston, CT 11 May 1718. He married abt 1706 Lydia Cooke (NOT a descendant of Francis Cooke) and they had five children (born Preston): Lydia (1708), Ebenezer (1709/10), Samuel (1712), Jane (1714) and Nathan (1717).

Enoch Leonard was prob. born Bridgewater and died prob. Mendum, Morris Co., NJ in 1757. He married Bridgewater 12 Feb 1706 Elizabeth Hooper and they had at least two children (born Bridgewater): Enoch (1707) and Elizabeth (1719).

(Lt.) Moses Leonard was born prob. Bridgewater abt 1677 and died Barre 10 Dec 1775 sr vs. 98. He married twice, first Marlborough 15 May 1705 Mercy Newton and second there 8 Aug 1716 Hannah WOODS Witherby. By his first wife Moses had three children (born Marlborough): Moses (1706), Ezra (1711) and Mercy (1714). By his second wife he had two more children: Jonas (1717 Marlborough) and Andrew (1719 Worcester).

Josiah Leonard was born prob. Bridgewater and died there bef 21 May 1745. He married twice, first Bridgewater 2 Nov 1699 Marjoram Washburn and second there 21 Nov 1717 Abigail Washburn. By his first wife Josiah had five children (born Bridgewater): John, Elizabeth (c1702), Mary (c1704), Josiah (c1710) and Margaret. It is believed the last three children were by his second wife: Ezekiel, Samuel and Nathan.

Joseph Leonard was born Bridgewater abt 1672 and died there 29 Jan 1749. He married abt 1695 Marth Orcutt and they had at least three children (born Bridgewater): Joseph (c1696), Ephraim and Martha.

(Capt.) Solomon Leonard was born Bridgewater abt 1693 and died there 29 May 1761 in 69th yr. He married abt 1711 Elizabeth Perkins and they had five children (born Bridgewater): Experience (1732-b1742), Solomon (1733/4), Elizabeth (1737), Susanna (1740) and Experience (1742).

Isaac Leonard (II) was living 2 Mar 1736/7. He married Bridgewater 16 Apr 1701 Mary ?GURNEY Randall and they prob. had three children: Isaac, David and Thomas.

Joseph Leonard was born prob. Bridgewater and living Pomfret, CT 6 Apr 1736. He married Bridgewater 19 Nov 1712 Hannah Jennings and they had ten children (first nine born Bridgewater): Hannah (twin 1712/3), Joseph (twin 1712/3), Moses (1714), Seth (1715), Timothy (1718), Rebecca (1721), Mehitable (1724), Thankful (1726), Ebenezer (1728) and Bette (1730 Pomfret, CT).

Benjamin Leonard was born prob. Bridgewater abt 1688 and died Mendham, NJ by Jul 1749. He married twice, first Bridgewater 15 Aug 1715 Hannah Phillips and second Freetown 13 Jun 1734 Mary Cudworth. By his first wife he had six children: Jemima (1717), Lydia (1718), Hannah (1720), Benjamin (1722), William (1724) and Caleb (1726). By his second wife he is said to have had: Ephraim, Huldah (bp 1738), Sarah, Dorothea, Hannah and Susanna.

DNA results I-S18331

Previous Y-DNA testing

The Leonard Y-Chromosome DNA Surname Project Subgrouping: "I - Solomon Leonard Descendants" has four individuals, all STR matches to each other. One of these individuals has apparently done a FTDNA Big Y test and has been determined to fall under: I-M223>P222>CTS616>FGC15071>BY1003>S18331

Further needed testing

We need additional direct male-line descendants of Solomon to WGS/NGS test to both to refine the haplogroup further and delineate descendant clades.

References & External Links

  • Sherman, Robert M. & Verle D. Vincent (rev. by Robert S. Wakefield), Mayflower Families through Five Generations vol. 15, Chilton & More. General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA 1997, reprinted 2013
  • "Our Leonard Family"
  • Leonard Y-Chromosome DNA Surname Project Subgrouping: "I - Solomon Leonard Descendants"
  • Some sources state she was Sarah, daughter of Roger Chandler, but this was John's mother.