Completed as of September 11, 2020:
- Recruiting additional direct male-line Freeman descendants for further SNP testing - anyone interested in submitting their DNA for testing should contact Raymond T. Wing (email: wing.genealogist AT gmail DOT com)
- Y-SNP tested to E-M215>M35>Z827>V257>M81>>PF2546> Z5009.
Still to do as of September 11, 2020
- NGS/WGS test multiple descendants of this Freeman to firmly place family clade as well as test descendants to discover any subclades unique to descendants lines
Edmund Freeman (II) (father of Edmund [III] and John) was the son of Edmund and Alice (Coles) Freeman of Pulborough, Sussex, England and was baptized 25 Jul 1596. He married first, 16 Jun 1617 to Bennett Hodsoll (she was buried at Pulborough on 12 Apr 1630). Freeman along with his second wife Elizabeth and his family set sail from Plymouth, England on 4 Jun 1635 aboard the Abigail. They arrived in Boston on 8 October 1635 and initially settled in Saugus (now Lynn).In 1637 Freeman was the first named of the "Ten men of Saugus" who were granted permission (by the Plymouth Colony government) to begin the first settlement on Cape Cod (they named the settlement Sandwich). The family continued to live in Sandwich until Edmund's death. The precise date of Edmund's death is not know, however his Will is dated 21 Jun 1682, and it was probated on 2 Nov 1682.
Edmund Freeman (III) was baptized at Billingshurst, Sussex, England on 26 Nov 1620. He married Rebecca Prence at Nauset (now Eastham) 22 Apr 1646. Rebecca was a daughter of Gov. Thomas Prence. She was born at New Plimouth (Plymouth) circa 1625 and was buried at Sandwich on 23 Mar 1647/8. They had two daughters (Patience and Rebecca) before her premature death. Edmund then married 18 Jul 1651 at Sandwich to Margaret Perry. They had six children, but the children by this marriage have no Mayflower ancestry.
John Freeman was baptized at Billingshurst, Sussex, England on 28 Jan 1626/7. He married Mercy Prence at Nauset (now Eastham) on 13 Feb 1649/50. Mercy was also a daughter of Gov. Thomas Prence. She was born at Plymouth about 1632 and died at Eastham on 28 Sep 1711. John and Mercy had 11 children, four daughters and seven sons (John [died young], John, Thomas, Edmund, William, Prince & Nathaniel)
- Mayflower Descendant 15:25, also in published Sandwich VRs I:3.It is believed she died in childbirth.
Previous Y-DNA testing
The Freeman DNA Project lists eight individuals who have STR tested and match each other. One of these individuals has done 111 STR tested and also a SNP test and been found to be E-M81. According to the NevGen Haplogroup Predictor, the 111 STR marker signature of an Edmund Freeman descendant likely falls under E1b1b V257>M81>>PF2546> Z5009 (with a 94% probability)
E1b1b1b (E-M81, formerly E3b1b) is characteristic of the Berbers of North-West Africa. In some parts of Morocco E1b1b1b can peak at 80% of the population. This sub-hapolgroup is also found in Iberia, Italy and southern France, with the highest concentrations in southern Portugal (12%) and decreasing as we move north. Given this distribution, it is quite possible at least some folks from this haplogroup came to England as part of the Roman occupation of Britain.
Further needed testing
We need additional direct male-line descendants of Edmund Freeman to WGS/NGS test to both confirm the lineage as well as to refine the haplogroup further and delineate descendant clades.
- The other members of the project have been predicted to fall under E-M35, which is an ancestral clade to E-M81.
- origins of Haplogroup E1b1b1b