Adams (Y-DNA)

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Status summary

Completed as of December 18, 2021:

  • Recruiting additional direct male-line Joseph Adams II descendants for NGS/WGS SNP testing - anyone interested in submitting their DNA for testing should contact MayflowerDNA1620@gmail.com

Still to do as of December 18, 2021

  • NGS/WGS test multiple Joseph Adams II descendants to firmly place family clade as well as discover any subclades unique to descendants lines

Biography

For more information see: Woodworth-Barnes, Esther Littleford (ed. by Alicia Crane Williams), Mayflower Family Through Five Generations, Vol. 16 Alden General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA part 1 (first four generations) 1999; part 4 (fifth generation of daughter Ruth) 2015;

First Generation

(Dea.) Joseph Adams (II) was born Braintree (now Quincy) 24 Dec 1654 son of Joseph Adams (who was son of immigrant Henry Adams) and Abigail Baxter. Joseph (II) died there 12 Feb 1736/7. He married three times (all at Braintree), first 1682 Mary Chapin (two daughters, no Mayflower link); second 20 Feb 1687/8 Hannah Bass; and third abt 1708 Elizabeth Hobart (one son, no Mayflower link). By his second wife, Hannah, Joseph had eight children (Braintree, now Quincy): Joseph (1688/9), John (1690/1), Samuel (1693/4), Josiah (1695/6), Hannah (1697/8), Ruth (1700), Bethiah (1702) and Ebenezer (1704)

Second Generation

(Rev.) Joseph Adams (III) was born Braintree (now Quincy) 4 Jan 1688/9 and died Newington, NH 26 May 1783. He married twice, first Portsmouth, NH 13 Oct 1720 Elizabeth Knight and second Greenland, NH 3 Jan 1760 Elizabeth Pickering (no children by this second marriage). By his first marriage Rev. Joseph had (Newington) Elizabeth (1721), Joseph (1723), Hannah (1725), Ebenezer (1726) and Benjamin (1728).

(Dea.) John Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 8 Feb 1690/1 and died there 25 May 1761. He married 31 Oct 1734 Susannah Boylston[1] and they had three children (Braintree, now Quincy): (Pres.) John (1735), Peter Boylston (1738) and Elihu (1741).

Samuel Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 28 Jan 1693/4 and died there 17 Jul 1751. He married Braintree 6 Oct 1720 Sarah Paine and they had eight children (Braintree, now Quincy): Samuel (1723), Sarah (1725), Mary (1728-1730), Joseph (1730), Moses (1732), Aaron (1736-1739), Elijah (1738) and Nathaniel (1745).

Josiah Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 18 Feb 1695/6 and died Mendon 25 Mar 1749. He married Braintree 20 Nov 1718 Bethiah Thompson and they had five children (Braintree, now Quincy): Bethiah (c1720), Josiah (1722-1722/3), Josiah (1727), Joseph (1729-1729) and Edward (1731-1734).

Ebenezer Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 30 Dec 1704 and died there 6 Aug 1769. He married Anne Boylston and they had six children (Braintree, now Quincy): Peter (1730-1730), Anne (1731), Boylston (1734), Ebenezer (1737), Zabdiel Boylston (son 1739) and Micajah (1741).

Third Generation

Joseph Adams, MD (IV) was born Newington, NH 17 Jan 1723 and died Barnstead, NH 20 Mar 1801. He married 1747 Joanna Gilman and they had eleven children: Ezekiel Gilman (1749), Joseph (1751), Ebenezer (1753), Dudley (1756), William (1758), John (1759), Elizabeth G. (1761), Abigail (1763), Benjamin (1767), Nathaniel (1770) and Polly (1786).

Ebenezer Adams was born Newington, NH 5 Sep 1726 and died Barnstead, NH Nov 1764. He married 13 Jan 1757 Lois Downing and they had three children: Samuel (1758), Elizabeth (1760) and Micajah.

(Dea.) Benjamin Adams was born Newington 18 Jan 1728 and died there 24 Mar 1803. He married twice, first 6 Jun 1751 Abigail Pickering and second 22 Apr 1784 Susanna Brown (no children). By his first wife he had seven children: James (1752), Elizabeth (1754), Ruth (1758), Mary (1760), Nathan Webb, Abigail (1770), Benjamin (1773) and Thomas (1779).


(Pres.) John Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 30 Oct 1735 and died there 4 Jul 1826. He married Weymouth 25 Oct 1764 Abigail Quincy and they had six children: Abigail Amelia (1765), (Pres.) John Quincy (1767), Susanna (1768), Charles (1770), Thomas (1772) and Elizabeth (stillborn 1777).

(Capt.) Peter Boylston Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 16 Oct 1738 and died there 2 Jun 1823. He married 20 Aug 1768 Mary Crosby and they had six children including: Mary (1769), Boylston (1771), Ann (1773), Susannah (1775 d.y.) and Elizabeth (1780).

(Capt.) Elihu Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 29 May 1741 and died Cambridge 10 Aug 1775. He married Randolph 20 Sep 1765 Thankful White and they had four children: Susannah (1766), John (1768), Elisha (1772) and Elihu (1775).


Samuel Adams (II) was born Braintree 15 Jun 1723 and died 21 Mar 1766. He married twice, first Braintree 24 Feb 1750/1 Thankful Pray (no children) and second Weymouth 9 Jul 1752 Sarah Blanchard. By his second wife Samuel had six children: Nathaniel (1755), Samuel (1755), Ephraim (1757), Nehemiah (1759), Hannah (1761) and Stephen (1763).

Joseph Adams was born Braintree 27 Dec 1730 and died Greene, ME 5 Jul 1809. He married Uxbridge 14 Oct 1756 Elizabeth Draper and they had six children: Ruth (1757), Samuel (1760), Joseph (1763), David (1766), Moses (1769) and Elizabeth (1773).

Moses Adams was born Braintree 31 Jan 1732 and died there 9 Oct 1778. He married Weymouth 14 Feb 1771 Mary Reed and they had eight children: James Greer (1772), Mary (1773), Aaron, Moses, Nathaniel, Susan, Elias and Anna.

Elijah Adams was born Braintree 16 Mar 1738 and died Boston 25 Aug 1798. He married Boston 26 Feb 1761 Deborah Arnold and they had five children: Elijah (1762), Deborah (1763), Sarah (1765), William Arnold (1766) and Moses (1767).

Nathaniel Adams was born Braintree 9 Jan 1745. His further history is currently unknown.


Josiah Adams (II) was born Braintree 30 Sep 1722 and died Mendon 30 Jul 1802. He married twice, first Uxbridge 27 Dec 1750 Sarah Reed and second Hopkinton 29 Dec 1791 Anna TAFT Rockwood (no children): By his first wife he had seven children: Bethia (1751-1757), Joseph, Josiah, Sally (1759-1778), Bethia, Benjamin (1764 m Betsy Craggin & Susannah Richmond) and Seth (1767-1792 unm.).


(Dr.) Boylston Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 28 Feb 1734 and died there 1 Dec 1761. He married Braintree 28 Sep 1754 Mary "Molly" Allen and they had Mary (1755), Jane (1757), Anne F. (1757) and Elizabeth (1759).

(Dea.) Ebenezer Adams (II) was born Braintree (now Quincy) 15 Mar 1737 and died there bef 12 Jun 1792. He married Mehitable Spear and they had nine children: Joseph (1759), Mehitable (1760), Ebenezer (1762), Josiah (1763), Zabdiel (1767), Alice (1770), Thomas (1772), Ann Boylston (1772) and Elihu (1777).

(Rev.) Zabdiel Boylston Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 5 Nov 1739 and died Lunenburg 1 Mar 1801. He married Lunenburg 6 Jun 1765 Elizabeth Stearns and they ad eleven children: Elizabeth (1766), Ann (1767), Hannah (1769), Zabdiel Boylston (1770), Lucy (1772), Mary (1774), Sarah (1776) Catherine (1777), Henry (1779), Frances (1781) and Abigail (1783).

Micajah Adams was born Braintree (now Quincy) 6 Mar 1741 and died there 18 Jul 1769. He married Lynn 9 May 1761 Elizabeth Newhall and they had four children: Sarah (1762), Hulda (1764), Jerusha (1767) and Micajah (1769).


  1. after Dea. John Adams death, Susannah married John Hall.

DNA results R1b-Z4471

Previous Y-DNA testing

The Adams Y-DNA Study was started in 2002. This was a STR-based study, and only compared 37 Y-STRs. This was not enough resolution to go beyond the R-M269 predicted haplogroup FTDNA has assigned to this family.

NGS/WGS testing

FTDNA's Adams Surname Y-DNA Project (first family group) documents two patrilineal (direct male line) descendants of Henry Adams (grandfather of Dea. Joseph Adams) have taken a Big Y test and have been confirmed to fall under: R-L23>L51>P310>L151>S1194>CTS4528>S14328>A8469>S1196>S6868>FGC23894>FGC23887>Z4471

Further needed testing

We need direct male-line descendants of (Dea.) Joseph Adams (II) to WGS/NGS test to discover any subclades which they may fall under.

References & External Links